Sadly about seven children each day have to receive emergency room care because of electrical accidents. Injuries range from a mild electrical shock, to first, second and third degree burns. In some rare cases they prove fatal. Your local electricians are involved in helping to reducing that number drastically, and prevent tragedy in the first place. Here are some helpful electrical safety hints about how to help make your home be a safer environment for children.
New parents who are baby proofing their home normally place plastic covers over the electrical outlets to prevent contact with live electrical parts. Plastic protector caps can be removed by children as young as two years of age and can be a choke hazard. Newer Tamper-resistant (TR) outlets offer better protection for the little ones. No more plastic plugs to replace or lose because the TR receptacles have built-in device protection.
Where do most electrical accidents happen?
Most electrical accidents happen at home about 76 percent of time. Even with adult supervision at home, kids stick things in to those fascinating electrical outlet slots and holes. It's estimated that 89 percent of electrical injuries happen to kids under the age of six years old, and toddlers make up about half of the victims. Boys, regardless of age carry the greatest risk (58%).
How severe are the injuries?
Injuries range in severity from a mild shock, serious electrical burns or fatal injuries. A child’s thin skin combined with their little hands and fingers covered with saliva is a recipe for pediatric burns and scars (Saliva is as excellent conductor of electricity). Even minor injuries can leave the entire family with emotional trauma.
Objects commonly inserted into receptacles?
Keys and hair pins are two common things kids play with and stick into an electrical outlet. Other common dangerous metal items laying around the house includes paper clips, pens, safety pins, screws and nails, tools, wire, forks, tweezers, hair pins, keys, knives and coins pose electrical hazards.
How do tamper-resistant receptacles work?
Tamper-resistant receptacles have built-in shutter systems that prevent foreign objects from touching electrically live components when they're inserted into the slots. The shutters protect against electrical burns without impairing normal plug insertion, removal or function.
Tamper-resistant receptacles provide real safety.
Tamper-Resistant (TR) outlets also known as child safety receptacles look like standard receptacles, but they have a built-in automatic shutter system that prevent foreign objects from touching electrically live components when they're inserted into the just one electrical slots. The shutters will open only if two prongs are going into the slots at the same time. The TR receptacles have been required in hospital pediatric care areas for many years.
The tamper resistant receptacles are a direct replacement for your old electric outlets. TR outlets are the same size and shape on the outside and they’re wired the same as a standard outlet. Tamper-resistant (TR) receptacles offer passive and automatic technology that is actually far safer than the outdated outlet caps. Child safe outlets are reasonably priced and should be installed by a licensed electrician.
Why are TR shutters required on GFCI's?
Two safety features (GFCI and TR) offer two different types of protection: GFCI's will protect against electrocution. However, the user will still feel a shock and can receive an electrical burn. There needs to be an instantaneous current flow for the GFCI to detect and then trip. Tamper-resistant receptacles are meant to protect against burn hazards to children from a single object insertion into and electrical outlet.
From more detailed information please visit www.ChildSafetyOutlet.org